This is mostly just curiosity.
I'm not sure if it is Courier, Courier New, Lucida Console, or the like.
None of them. It uses bitmap fonts. You can find then in the various
I'd strongly advise to use a TrueType font, such as Lucida Console or Consolas, though. When set to Raster fonts the Windows console is incapable of handling Unicode.
True-type 8x16 (EGA) and 9x16 (VGA) fonts:
(although the 9x16 seems to have some issues with the control region)