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How does hxxp://to./ work?

I'm pretty confused because this URL shortener doesn't have a domain suffix. How does this work?


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marked as duplicate by Phoshi, John T, heavyd, Mehper C. Palavuzlar, sblair Mar 28 '10 at 19:59

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

I've wondered that too. Will be interested to find out the answer. Great question. – NickG Mar 28 '10 at 19:05
Duplicate of my own question, short answer is that the tld (domain suffix) is to, the site was set up on the tld itself, which is perfectly possible, just not often done. It also doesn't need the trailing dot! – Phoshi Mar 28 '10 at 19:09
The dot on the end ensures that the to is treated as a fully qualified domain name ( as opposed to a hostname on your local network. – coneslayer Mar 28 '10 at 19:49

The dot on the end means the root domain. Domains such as are represented in DNS as to is a country level domain for Tonga, a small island country, such as .us for the United States or .ie for Ireland. The registrar has pointed the root domain for that country to a URL shortener.

The reason the . is necessary is because most programs will assume you mean if you just typed in http://to/ .

It would be equally possible from a technical standpoint for a shortener to use http://us./ or http://ie./ but the TLD registrar for those is very unlikely to allow it.

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http://to (without the dot) works for me in IE. Firefox apparently needs an extra / at the end to not consult Google, though. – Joey Mar 28 '10 at 20:15

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