Let's say that i want make a request a to a web page which is hosted in Europe (i live in USA).My packets only consist the IP address of the web page, first the domain name to ip address transformation is done, then my packets start their journey through to europe.
i assume that MAC addresses never used in this situation? are they?
First, my packets deal with many routers on way how these routers communicate with each other?, are router addresses added to my packet headers ?
Second, is there a specific path router to router comminication or which conditions affect this route?
Third to cross the Atlantic Ocean, are cables used or... ?