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I want to insert a CD-ROM and have it automatically be mounted to someplace like /media/cdrom and create an icon on the Gnome desktop, while logged in as a non-root user under SLED 11.

How can I accomplish this?

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You can accomplish what you want with autofs. Once you've installed autofs you need to edit autofs' master file, /etc/auto.master. In this file you typically specify a mount point (/media) in your case and a resource file that says mounts all these things under the mount point.

For example in my auto.master file:

/misc  /etc/auto.misc

This tells autofs to create a mount point, /misc and mount everything in the file /etc/auto.misc under it.

Contents of auto.misc:

cdrom          -fstype=auto            :/dev/sda
removable      -fstype=ext4            :/dev/hdd

These are just examples, for more information consult the man page for auto.master. Autofs is very powerful and can automount from a variety of sources, NIS, LDAP, files, SMB, FTP sites, etc.

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I'm not sure about how to create the icon, but as for the automount, try using the automount command instead of mount.

automount /dev/<device> /media/cdrom

As for the link on your desktop, try creating a link to /media/cdrom. If automount is correctly set, the device will automatically be mounted when trying to access the mountpoint.

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I get automount: command not found. – eleven81 Apr 21 '10 at 18:55
Try installing "autofs" or "automount" – BloodPhilia Apr 21 '10 at 18:57
It seems that automount is not in the repositories, yet autofs is, but it does not show up in Software Management. – eleven81 Apr 21 '10 at 19:15
Try looking for options to display "advanced"/"developer" (Or something similar) packages in Software management – BloodPhilia Apr 21 '10 at 19:22
You could also try executing: zypper install autofs on the command line. – BloodPhilia Apr 21 '10 at 19:28

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