Are you sure that you're losing quality because of the 3.5mm -> 6.3mm adaptor?
If it's the one that came with the headphones it will be made to the same high quality as the headphones - particularly if it's from a company link Sennheiser.
I don't recall ever seeing a computer sound card with anything other than 3.5mm sockets.
While there are probably sound cards with 6.3mm sockets, you might be better off finding the best quality sound card you can afford regardless of the outputs it has. The quality of the output is going to outweigh any loss due to the extra connection in your headphones.