I use SendTab on my MacBook Pro running Chrome, my Windows 7 machine running Chrome, and my iPhone running the SendTab app. There's also a Safari extension and a Firefox bookmarklet too, I think. Just install the extension and the tab that's opened in the respective browser will be sent to whichever browser you specify when you click the button. It's about a 1-3 second delay before it shows up in my testing.
It's not as seamless as clicking on the link in a Remote Desktop session, but it works really well if the links are already opened on the remote machine browser.
Plus, SendTab will keep a history of sent tabs and will queue them up if the recipient browser is not currently opened.