Is there a way to get a history of file operations in Windodws, like which folders were moved where, last renamed file, what was deleted, etc.?
There is no such log by default.
On a Windows NT system, an administrator can enable auditing of file operations:
Process Monitor by SysInternals can monitor and log all file, registry and network operations.
You have to be careful though. In the screenshot above, even though it says