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How can I make Debian encrypt and decrypt my home folder when I log in/out like Ubuntu does?

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

The setup for encrypted home folder is described here for Ubuntu:

This should work on Debian as well, as Ubuntu is based on Debian.

However, you should consider whether full-disk encryption (i.e. encryption of / ) isn't more appropriate for you. Many programs will store personal data outside /home (e.g. /tmp, /var), plus swap will often also contain personal data leaked by swapping. So I'd advise to encrypt / and swap using LUKS. This is supported by the standard Debian installer; see the section in the Debian installation guide.

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