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I am used to using

cd ~

to get right into my home directory. In Windows command prompt I have to do

cd Users\username

to get there. Is there a shortcut like the Linux one? It would be nice if I could get there by doing

cd username

Is something like this possible in Windows Vista?

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4  
In Unix, there's no need for the tilde. cd with no arguments will change to your home directory. – coneslayer Jul 28 '10 at 12:08
    
there was a question like this here on su, can't find it. – akira Jul 28 '10 at 12:59
1  
@coneslayer i know but to move a file from one directory to another you use the tilde. – classer Aug 1 '10 at 8:21

10 Answers 10

up vote 9 down vote accepted

You can always put a .bat-File somewhere in your %PATH% which does the path changing for you.

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Yes, you can use %HOMEPATH%, which is the full path of the user's home directory.

There are quite a few other useful variables available, such as %OS% (Operating System), or %WINDIR% (Windows system directory). See e.g.

http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/xp/all/proddocs/en-us/ntcmds_shelloverview.mspx?mfr=true

for a list.


Notes:

Actually, things are a bit complicated (as usual). %HOMEPATH% only contains the path, without the drive letter, so will not work for cding from a different drive. You can also use %USERPROFILE%, which does contain the drive letter, and is usually the same directory as %HOMEPATH%.

The values of these variables, and which one is right for you, will depend on the Windows version and any changes by an administrator, as their values may be different (see e.g. the question Difference between profile and home path ).

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2  
This is the most correct answer, in my opinion, because it does not rely on hard-coded paths and any wacky filesystem links that may be between them. – Ed Orsi Mar 11 '14 at 16:57
1  
This is the correct answer. – Frederik Krautwald Jun 3 '14 at 22:30
1  
This should be the accepted answer – mastazi Dec 20 '15 at 22:11
    
This saved my life! After looking at a lot of other answers from different questions. Again! This worked for me and should be the marked as the answer for this question. – Miss Lucy Jan 25 at 6:43
    
@MissLucy: I'm happy it helped you. As to accepting an answer: That's up to the OP to decide. You could add a comment to the question to alert them. – sleske Jan 25 at 9:39

Two other options both of which can be added to a script and auto-executed in a similar manner to BillP3rd's answer.

It's two more characters but...

SET ~=%HOMEPATH%    
CD %~%

or...

CD %~%\Desktop

Or...

doskey ~=cd %homepath%
~

Of course you can't use this ~ in paths but as a quick "jump to my home dir" typing ~ Enter is pretty quick.

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I created a .cmd file on a directory in my path, and named it "cd~.cmd". Its contents are:

@cd %HOMEPATH%

So I can type "cd~" from anywhere to get to my home directory. Not the same as "cd ~" (note the missing space) but close enough for me.

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1  
Most clever answer. Combining yours with this answer by Kenny Evitt gives the best solution. – Sнаđошƒаӽ Mar 4 at 15:09

Dunno if its a feature of our work login script or a windows default, but I can use cd %HOMEPATH% to achieve that, where HOMEPATH is an environment variable.

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I see. It still takes a lot to write %HOMEPATH%. Also you can't auto-complete it. Is there a way I can make my username be equal to %HOMEPATH% by making a new command in cmd.exe? – classer Jul 28 '10 at 12:03

sleske's answer is almost exactly right, but it doesn't always work.

If your home directory is on a network share setup as a mapped drive, run the following regardless of the drive of the current directory:

cd /D %HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH%

The /D switch is necessary to allow cd to change drives.

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1  
How about cd /d %homedrive%%homepath% as a one-liner? – james Jul 31 '14 at 19:51

If you want all user's commmand prompts to start in their "home" directory, create the following registry key as an Expandable String Value (sans quotes, of course):

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor\AutoRun : "cd /d %USERPROFILE%"

If you want only your command prompts to do it:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor\AutoRun : "cd /d %USERPROFILE%"

I make it a practice to keep a c:\Scripts folder in which I keep an "autoexec"-type batch file which I invoke via this key.

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Windows has really become 'All about the gui' so in your case I'd just get the tools you want instead of trying to 'bend' the system to your will ... The MinGW tools are an excellent little collection of some of the most widely used gnu tools ... I highly recommend it if your a nix fan on Win ...

http://www.mingw.org/wiki/MSYS

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I realize this is a long since done question, but just for the record. Install clink, this extends your command prompt in so many ways. Yes it it heavier then the above solutions but it makes the cmd window behave so much better.

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clink == powerful Bash-style command line editing for cmd.exe – suspectus Feb 20 '15 at 14:29
    
Right, and the whole point is that ~ resolves to the User\{user} directory. – THBBFT Feb 20 '15 at 14:55

Is there a shortcut for C:\Users\<current user>\?

There is no direct shortcut.

There are a couple of different solutions (see below).

  1. Use an environment variable together with cd or cd /d

  2. Use subst or net use to creating a mapping to another drive letter.

  3. Install cygwin and use bash

  4. Use powershell - powershell supports ~

The last solution is probably the simplest if you are prepared to use powershell instead of cmd.


Solution 1: Use an environment variable together with cd or cd /d

If you want to change to this directory on a regular basis then run the following command:

setx DOCS %USERPROFILE%

This will permanently set the environment variable DOCS, but in order to use use it you need to first start a new cmd shell, then the variable is defined and ready to use:

F:\test>echo %DOCS%
C:\Users\DavidPostill\

To change directory from any location use the following command:

cd /d %DOCS%

If you are already on drive c: you can just use:

cd %DOCS%

Create a batch file (docs.cmd) and put it somewhere in your PATH.

docs.cmd:

@echo off
cd /d %DOCS%

You can then just type docs regardless of your current location and it will take you to C:\Users\<current user>


Solution 2: Use subst or net use to creating a mapping to another drive letter.

You can use subst:

subst x: %USERPROFILE%

And then

x:

Unfortunately drive mappings do not persist across reboots.

net use will persist across reboots, for example:

net use x: "\\computerName\c$\pathName" /persistent:yes

See the answers in How to make SUBST mapping persistent across reboots? for detailed instructions.


Solution 3: Install cygwin and use bash

You could consider installing cygwin:

Cygwin is:

  • a large collection of GNU and Open Source tools which provide functionality similar to a Linux distribution on Windows.

Once you have installed cygwin you can run bash in a cygwin terminal and set the bash environment variable HOME as appropriate.

Alternatives to cygwin include msys (MingW):

MSYS is a collection of GNU utilities such as bash, make, gawk and grep to allow building of applications and programs which depend on traditionally UNIX tools to be present. It is intended to supplement MinGW and the deficiencies of the cmd shell.

And Git for Windows:

Git for Windows provides a BASH emulation used to run Git from the command line. *NIX users should feel right at home, as the BASH emulation behaves just like the "git" command in LINUX and UNIX environments.


Solution 4: Use powershell

As pointed out in a comment on another question by SBI powershell supports ~ and you can just type:

cd ~

Further Reading

  • An A-Z Index of the Windows CMD command line - An excellent reference for all things Windows cmd line related.
  • cd - Change Directory - Select a Folder (and drive)
  • setx - Set environment variables permanently, SETX can be used to set Environment Variables for the machine (HKLM) or currently logged on user (HKCU).
  • subst - Substitute a drive letter for a network or local path.
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