In Microsoft Windows, what is the purpose of a Workgroup? I understand that a Domain allows the administration of security (user names, passwords, file access, etc.) to be centralized. But what does a Workgroup give you?
Perhaps a little bit of Microsoft Windows history would help building the context,
Workgroups just provide a grouping when browsing resources in the UI. "Network Neighborhood" (which has gone under a variety of names, such as "Network Near Me") displays computers that share your workgroup name. And there's an "Entire Network" that lists all the other workgroup names.
There's no impact on security or resource access. It's just a display thing.
After some doubting whether to post it as a separate question being closed as duplicate of this question, I decided to put it as answer... Any corrections and explanations of contrary point oа view are welcome.
I either disagree with accepted answer that
or do not understand the basics of identification, network sharing and access
In my LAN I have 8+ workgroups + Windows-based laptops having arbitrary set workgroup names and this, workgroup naming, does not have any influence on visibility or accessibility of computers.
IMO, workgroup naming is just a convenience permitting to see computers in different "folders" on Windows Explorer.
In a workgroup the resources (shared folders, network printers, services, etc.) are identified by
without involvement of any workgroup names.
Or is it?