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I have a one-line file with a value stored as a string in it:


The file name is server_name. What's the shortest, most elegant way to rad this value into a variable with bash script?

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up vote 8 down vote accepted

You can do a "useful use of cat" ;)

VAR = $(cat $(dirname $0)/server_name)

This will put the content of "server_name" file, located in the same directory as your script, into $VAR. Works regardless of where you run the script.

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The bash man page actually recommends $(< file) over $(cat file). – chepner Aug 23 '12 at 2:00

You can use the read command. If you don't provide any variable, the line gets saved automatically into the variable REPLY in Bash. If you provide a singe variable, the line gets saved into that variable. If you provide multiple variables, Bash will split the line as words (the splitting is done on whitespace), trying to put one word into each variable. (If there are more words than variables, each variable gets one word, but the last gets the rest of the line.)


telemachus ~ $ read < buff
telemachus ~ $ echo $REPLY
#!/usr/bin/env perl
telemachus ~ $ read LINE < buff
telemachus ~ $ echo $LINE
#!/usr/bin/env perl

Note that the variable is assigned without a dollar sign (REPLY or LINE), but when you use it, you need $REPLY or $LINE.

So you would want something like this:

read SERVER < /path/to/server_name

I recommend that you use the full path of the file that you want to read rather than assuming that the two scripts will be in the same directory.

I won't swear that this is the most elegant solution.

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+1 for the concise, complete explanation of read. – Ryan Thompson Sep 8 '09 at 0:23

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