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I work with several languages and markups in vim every day (ruby, python, javascript, CSS, HTML, etc), and would like to have different settings for each buffer when I fire up my editor. How can I detect which syntax is loaded in the current buffer?

Specifically, I really prefer python indent to be 4 spaces, while other languages are find with 2. I've envisioned something like this in my .vimrc file:

if syntax == 'python'
  set softtabstop=4
  set shiftwidth=4
else if syntax == 'html'
  " ...
endif

Anything like that in vim? thanks.

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2 Answers 2

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Use the FileType autocommand event. See :h autocmd.txt for details.

au Filetype python source ~/.vim/scripts/python.vim
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2  
Why creating non standard directories ? -> ~/.vim/ftplugin ! –  Luc Hermitte Dec 1 '10 at 10:12
    
Thanks - what I ended up doing is using your idea with some modification: au FileType python set softtabstop=4 | set shiftwidth=4 –  sa125 Dec 1 '10 at 10:42

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