Although either could probably be used, they are really focused on two different concepts.
Confluence is more of a team focused multiuser editor to document ideas, build consensus, and generate documentation either internally or in a blog. It does have ability to search for information that has been generated previously.
Evernote is more of an extended brain to keep everything you feel is, or may be, important. It can clip and record anything from text, webpages, photos, pdf's, graphics, and even sound and video. You can also generate new notes, either typed or hand written. It's unique stack/folder/tag structure allows for easy finding material so indexed, as well as fast keyword searching through the whole stored database. It is both web based, as well as on your local PC, and accessible from a multitude of hand held devices.
So, review your needs and choose accordingly.