Viewing the MBR, even editing it, is a very cool idea.. I don't know how you'd go about that. I may have viewed a HDD MBR before with Roadkil's sector editor but I didn't do anything with it. And I don't know of documentation on it. If somebody provides that and knows what they're talking about then that's impressive!
But if you want to fix it like a mere mortal, then best thing is to boot off say a win xp CD to a recovery console, and run FIXBOOT, FIXMBR, BOOTCFG /REBUILD. Then it'll have the right MBR and files.
Alternatively, 2 ideas you could try
You can put a 3 file boot disk in there(there's a boot disk with ntldr boot.ini and ntdetect.com ) and it can boot off that instead and possibly work around that error and get into windows. There is also a set of 6 disks which I vaguely recall might be able to get you to a recovery console, if you don't have the CD.