I know that dns resolves an address like example.com to an IP address like 18.104.22.168, but I'm a little confused about how subdomains are resolved, so that when you type http://subdomain.example.com, what actually gets passed to the server at 22.214.171.124? In other words, example.com = 126.96.36.199, but subdomain.example.com/path = ???
Are "subdomain" and "path" passed as http headers, or mapped in the url in some way, or what?
Thanks in advance.
Edit: If I'm understanding correctly, BloodPhilia says that subdomain.example.com actually is a different domain that in principle could resolve to a totally different IP. But if that's so, then what about hosts that have huge numbers of (what look like) subdomains, but which actually map to some path on the site. For instance, blogspot hosts millions of blogs, and they all look like this:
aaa.blogspot.com bbb.blogspot.com ...millions more... yyy.blogspot.com zzz.blogspot.com
Those are clearly not subdomains with their own IP's, but rather some mapping like aaa.blogspot.com --> www.blogspot.com/aaa, but how is this accomplished? What actually gets passed to the web server at blogspot.com?