I suspect there are problems with my hard disk, so I wanted to start a drive check, as outlined in this Microsoft article. However, after selecting both Automatically fix file system errors and Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors and clicking Start, the dialog box closes, and no scan begins. Also, contrary to the article above, there is no prompt about having to restart the computer to run the check.
In Disk Management, the drive shows up as normal, no errors.
Can I somehow force a check at startup or from a special boot disk/CD?