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Firstly, I am running all of these commands through www-data user..which is apache2 user... Using php, and exec function to run these commands...

I create the directory

mkdir -p testing

Now lets see folders


the directory testing is not showing...although the folder was created ( I check in physical path)

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migrated from Apr 24 '11 at 15:59

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Maybe the user www-data has the right to write to the folder, but not read from it? – Grigory Javadyan Apr 24 '11 at 15:54
To prevent problems with working directory always use a full path instead of a relative one. – Let_Me_Be Apr 24 '11 at 16:02

Firstly, make sure that the directory you are writing into a) exists and b) has the right permissions to allow you to read/write to it.

Secondly, try not to use exec, system, or anything like that. Not only is it unsafe (passing args can be a real security hole), but it also adds a large overhead to the operation, having to spawn new sub-processes etc.

Also, using exec() just returns the last line of the command you run. If you really need to use a system program to perform functions then you should either use passthru() to return the data direct to the browser, or shell_exec() if you want to have the output in a string.

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Your answer indicates this is a programming issue. If only the SO folks had read the question before dumping it here... sigh – Daniel Beck Apr 24 '11 at 16:36
@DanielBeck pfff.. attach them using an inclined plane wrapped helically around an axis. – Majenko Apr 24 '11 at 16:37

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