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How to create square/cropped thumbnail using ImageMagick ? Cropping like below.


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6 Answers 6

up vote 5 down vote accepted

"Cut the Thumbnail to Fit"

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Possibly... some type of description? –  Hello71 Apr 27 '11 at 2:22

Ignacio linked to the correct documentation, however I'll paste it inline here for convenience:

convert -define jpeg:size=200x200 original.jpeg -thumbnail 100x100^ -gravity center -extent 100x100 thumbnail.jpeg

Similarly, the following is for GraphicsMagick:

gm convert -size 200x200 original.jpeg -thumbnail 100x100^ -gravity center -extent 100x100 +profile "*" thumbnail.jpeg


  • -size 200x200 tells the jpeg decoder we only need this resolution so it can save memory and read the source image faster
  • -thumbnail 100x100^ fast resize making the shortest side 100
  • - gravity center center the next operation
  • -extent 100x100 apply the image to a 100x100 canvas
  • +profile "*" do not save any metainfo to the jpeg (making the resulting image smaller)
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When I used it in command line (graphics magick one) I got picture on center, two siders are filled with white. Not the one described in question. Am I doing something wrong? –  Umut Benzer Jan 24 '12 at 10:25
If you are using windows you must double the ^ character to escape it. Eg: -thumbnail 100x100^^ –  geo1701 Jul 23 '13 at 8:39
Why not size 100x100 ? –  Hello World Oct 19 '14 at 10:42

I'm using graphicsmagick to generate precisely sized thumbnails but I'm padding the image with a checkerboard instead of cropping the overhang.

gm convert -limit Threads 1 -size 320x180 pattern:checkerboard -background transparent -gravity center -resize 320x180 -extent 320x180 original.jpg -flatten -resize 112x65! -interlace Line 1 thumb_112x65.jpg

Options explained.

gm convert

// Single threaded seems faster on smaller files
-limit Threads 1 

// Generate a checkerboard of size 320x180.
// Sets the relative size of the checkerboard squares,
// also sets the desired aspect ratio. In my case (16:9)
-size 320x180 pattern:checkerboard 

// Resize the input image and center it on a transparent layer.
-background transparent -gravity center -resize 320x180 -extent 320x180 orig.jpg

// Merge the layers

// Resize the output to the desired
// The ! causes the aspect ratio to be ignored, fixing any rounding errors.
// (Specify a size with the same aspect ratio as the checkerboard.)
-resize 112x65! 

// Use Progressive JPEG Encoding
-interlace Line 

// Output Image
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I think you are looking for something like:

convert -crop 100x100+50+50 input_image.jpg output_image.jpg 

where 100x100 is the size of the final rectangle and 50x50 the offset.

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That crop image, but doesn't make thumbnail. –  marioosh Apr 26 '11 at 11:11
@marioosh: I didn't understood, you can use convert -thumbnail 100x100+50+50 input_image.jpg output_image.jpg, for more info check Igancio Vazquez response for an example or check the documentation –  pconcepcion Apr 26 '11 at 11:15

That is a simple way to do it: The following command resize the smaller side to 100 pixels and crop a 100x100 square. You can add a -strip command to reduce file size.

convert -resize "100^>" original.jpg -gravity center -crop 100x100+0+0 thumbnail.jpg
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When adding a late answer to a question with established answers it is helpful to provide enough explanation why your answer offers something unique and new compared to the other answers. –  Jason Aller May 31 '14 at 5:49

This command crop to a square and then resize to 150x150

convert 824-full.jpg -set option:size '%[fx:min(w,h)]x%[fx:min(w,h)]' xc:none +swap -gravity center -composite -resize 150x150 temp.jpg

More options are availble here: http://www.imagemagick.org/Usage/thumbnails/#square

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