It's kind of funny, there are a lot of ways in which Linux command line tools are vastly superior to Windows ones, but one thing I have not found an equivalent to is robocopy. Robocopy is way more versatile than cp, and I can't figure out how to do what I want with Linux tools.
A specific use case is that I have two directories with mostly similar files, but one has newer source files and one has content files that the other directory doesn't have, and possibly newer source files (for a website). I want to copy the files from the latter directory into the former, adding new content files and such, but not overwriting newer files in the destination directory. I tried to figure out how to do this in Linux for maybe half an hour, decided that I'd probably have to learn bash scripting or something to do what I wanted, and then I realized that I could just use robocopy. I also had some other requirements. I was basically converting a Python (Django) website from an SVN repository to a git repository, and I wanted to make sure I didn't have uncommitted changes in SVN. However, I wanted to conditionally exclude the .svn directories and the .pyc compiled Python files. The following robocopy command does exactly what I want:
robocopy source destination /XO /E /XD .svn /XF *.pyc
Is there any equivalent to robocopy in Linux? I looked into rsync briefly, but it seemed like I'd have to set up an rsync server before attempting to sync the folders.