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How do you add a constant to a group of cells in LibreOffice Calc?

For example, here are four cells:

47 28 35 62

Now add 3 to each cell:

50 31 38 65
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up vote 5 down vote accepted

Even easier, but overwriting the original values:

  • Copy the Constant using Ctrl+C
  • Select the values that should get changed;
  • Use "Paste Special" (Edit -> Paste Special or Ctrl+Shift+V), select "Add" as Operation:

Paste Special - 2

Result: the values are replaced by the result of the addition with the constant.

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There are different ways to do this. The easiest one would be to use the auto-complete feature. Another approach suitable for more complex operations involves the array formula feature.

Given a spreadsheet holding the four "source" values and the constant, the result should start at B3: step 1

Do the following:

  1. Select B3,
  2. enter the formula =B1:E1+B2, don't finish using Return yet;
  3. mark the function as array function:
    • finish editing the formula using Ctrl + Shift + Enter; or
    • open the function wizard, click "array function" and hit OK:

function wizard

As result, in B3:E3 the result of the addition will appear. Since it's the result of an array, you can delete it only after selecting the complete result array. Changing just B3 won't work.

If you don't want the result to behave as an array, just copy the result array, select Edit -> Paste Special... (or Ctrl+Shift+V), deselect "Paste all" and all the other Selection options, and select just Numbers:

enter image description here

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An additional sollution that also works in Office Excel:

mark the constant reference with $ for each position identifier :
$B fixates the column,
$2 fixates the row.

now you can drag the formula to the right and only the first value updates while dragging.

original 47 28 35 62
constant 3
result 50 (=B1+$B$2) 31 $(=C1+$B$2) 38 *(=D1+$B$2) 65 (=E1+$B$2)

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