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I've got a multi-GB file that has elements in 4 lines, and I would like to have every 4 lines randomized in another file, this is, keeping each four lines grouped and randomize those sets. Is there an easy way to do that?

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Do you want to keep the four lines grouped and randomize those sets, or do you want randomize the four lines but keep the groups in order? – Patches Jul 1 '11 at 12:30
keep each group of four lines grouped – 719016 Jul 1 '11 at 12:49
up vote 4 down vote accepted

If you're using a reasonable new linux/unix distribution, sort comes with a -R flag which randomises lines instead of sorts them. We can use that to create this one-liner solution:

awk '{printf("%s%s",$0,(NR%4==0)?"\n":"\0")}' file.txt | sort -R | tr "\0" "\n" > sorted.txt

First, use awk to group every 4 lines by replacing \n with \0. We then shuffle the lines using sort -R and finally restore the line breaks with tr.

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The "\n is unclosed and should be "\n". I can't make such a small edit, so I'm just putting it here. – Ian Hunter Apr 19 '13 at 19:27
Also, for some reason on my system, I couldn't printf the "\0" and get it to replace properly. Instead, I used printf("%s%c",$0,(NR%4==0)?"\n":0). I did not need to change the tr command. – Ian Hunter Apr 19 '13 at 19:37

This is in Python. I'm sure someone will post a Perl answer too. ;-)


import random

#Change these to the desired files
infile = "/path/to/input/file"
outfile = "/path/to/output/file"

fh = file(infile)
contents = fh.readlines()

chunked = [contents[i:i+4] for i in xrange(0, len(contents), 4)]

fh = file(outfile, 'w')

for chunk in chunked:
    for line in chunk:


IANA Programmer so somebody could probably improve this, but I tested it and it works just fine.

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