So, I'm a big fan of the cheesy 90's movies about hacking (read Hackers). I've been using computers all my life, which has brought me to university studying in Computer Engineering. The other day I was watching a familiar cheesy hacking movie and the super-smart-teenager-guy-who-works-for-the-FBI-and-was-hired-to-catch-the-hacker had caught the hacker on his system. He continued to enter some commands and was able to trace ALL the computer hops the bad guy had made before making a connection to the hacked computer.
My question is simple: is this possible? I know you can
traceroute packets and see where they have been, but can the same be done for active connections to a computer? How do security firms and big-shot organizations like the FBI "trace" a hacker back to his destination. Assuming of course he's using several proxies around the world and maybe even the
Moreover, how would one go about removing the possibility of traceback or making it very difficult for others. The obvious answer would be hopping through as many computers as possible before getting to your destination.
To the moderators: I don't believe this question is off-topic. I'm asking about actual procedures and uses of current technologies.