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What does set -T mean in bash? What does it do? I believe it is related to traps in Unix but I am not sure.

I found this:

Many of such constructs become more simple if traps would be called immedeately, while is foreground child is still running. You would just install a trap handler that does "something" about the problem and it would be called everytime you hit SIGINT (or SIGQUIT). Just as signals handler in C programs are called immedeately. Maybe I am too much of a C programmer, but I find the delayed sh behaviour very non-intuitive.

#! /bin/sh

onsig()
{     trap SIGINT     kill -SIGINT $$
}
set -T            # set async execution of traps on FreeBSD
trap onsig SIGINT
./some-blocking-program
set +T            # set traps execution behaviour back to normal

This makes the trap handler a bit more complicated, but it allows you to write the main part of your shell script as usualy, without keeping in mind that a program may block and taking the appropriate action about it.

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migrated from stackoverflow.com Aug 7 '11 at 1:23

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Maybe this question will be of interest for you: stackoverflow.com/questions/6928946/… (about errtrace) –  hmontoliu Aug 7 '11 at 7:28

2 Answers 2

up vote 3 down vote accepted

From help set:

  -T  If set, the DEBUG trap is inherited by shell functions.

So if you use trap to invoke a function on DEBUG (that is, almost before every command in a shell script) and then invoke another shell script, the trapping will occur in that script as well. Without this option, the trap will not exist in the subshell and the script invoked in it will run untrapped.

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Thanks. Thats what I also found while googling. –  hari Aug 7 '11 at 1:31

this is what man bash says (hint: it's a huge file, I usually search for ..lotsofspaces..set)

If  set,  any  traps  on  DEBUG and RETURN are inherited by
shell functions, command substitutions, and  commands  exe-
cuted  in  a  subshell  environment.   The DEBUG and RETURN
traps are normally not inherited in such cases.
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Thanks much for the pointer. –  hari Aug 7 '11 at 1:31

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