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I have $db and $DATE set in my bash script, then I need to join them like this:

mysqldump --user=usr --password=pss --databases $db | gzip > /backups/sqlNew/$db_$DATE.sql.gz;

Unfortunately, that doesn't work. How do I properly join those 2 variables into a filename?

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

Since _ is a valid character in a variable name you have to separate it from db. This can be done any number of ways.

  • "${db}_$DATE" is one.
  • "$db"_"$DATE" would be another one.

Always remember to quote your variables when writing bash scripts.

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I would use "${db}_${DATE}" to avoid any variable substitution issues. – jftuga Aug 12 '11 at 12:28
What issues do you mean? – jw013 Aug 12 '11 at 12:37
For example, $DATE_OLD vs. ${DATE}_OLD You are probably OK here, but just something to be aware of for other scripts. – jftuga Aug 12 '11 at 15:00
Ok that's what you meant -- since the original question had a . after DATE I left that out since the focus was on the db_ part. – jw013 Aug 12 '11 at 15:33

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