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How can I own an IP address like I do with domains?

I have done some research and it seems that you can't buy a single IP, but rather you have to purchase a range of IP addresses.

Update : Important Note
I want this IP to use it with my servers. for example I had a VPS, it went bad, I want to be able to use the same IP on another VPS from another company.

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In short: You can. Check sxtnc's answer. –  Shiki Aug 16 '11 at 8:59
    
I updated the question. –  Hamed Momeni Aug 16 '11 at 9:04
    
Posted an answer. :) –  Shiki Aug 16 '11 at 9:39
1  
Just note that you can't get an IPv4 address anymore by yourself (they're all allocated as of a few months ago), you'll need to get it from an ISP or VPS/web host who already has it. You can, however, reserve IPv6 addresses (we have trillions to go). –  Breakthrough Aug 16 '11 at 10:45
    
The reason we have domains is so that you don't have to own an IP. –  Tom Wijsman Aug 20 '11 at 22:10

6 Answers 6

up vote 20 down vote accepted

What you want just isn't possible on a small scale.

IP Addresses are purchased in blocks by companies with a hell of a lot of money and more importantly, infrastructure. When you get one, unless you are going direct to your RIR (Regional Internet Registry), you are only renting the IP.

Even if you then owned an IP by going direct to your RIR (which can be very expensive just to register... See ARIN, RIPE), I highly doubt any VPS provider will add a route to your IP as it will require a significant change to their own infrastructure.

The best thing you can do is to use a single provider that specialises in uptime/100% availability, it will be expensive, but, this is by far the cheapest way of going around it.


I'm updating this answer significantly as I have received so many emails asking for more info or help and approximate costs...

What you are asking for is hard and expensive. For just two VPS from a provider - I highly doubt you will anyone willing... But if someone does want to go down this route, it isn't impossible.

To understand routing across the internet, you need to know that there is more than IP routing alone. BGP is a routing protocol used by providers in order for them to say "My ips are here". To participate in BGP, you need an AS number, and to get an AS number and IPs, you need to register with a RIR (as explained above).

When participating in BGP, instead of buying internet as a service from a provider, you buy IP transit from a provider which allows you to publish your AS number/IPs

So, you would have IP transit at multiple locations and you would then publish BGP routes from one, and if connectivity to one site fails, you publish the route to the other location and ips are routed there.

As for price, you will need to find a colocation package that allows you to have IP transit... If you shop around, minimum would probably be £300 a month for a quarter rack.

Next, the transit itself - around £5-£10 per Mb of IP transit when purchased at low totals.

I am not sure on all RIR fees as they all have different prices and structures (e.g. ARIN pay for how many IP blocks you have, starting at $500 for a /24 with a max price of $32,000, where as ripe is €1,800 for unlimited).

Lastly, you will need a server (any price!) and a router capable of BGP.

After you have done this, duplicate it, or even triplicate it! (Other than the RIR fees, that's a one off!).

And if you can't follow this, I'm always up for consultation ;)

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do you mean to buy 1 IP address it cost 5k USD? –  Pacerier Aug 18 '11 at 12:40
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@Pacerier - I never mentioned a cost other than being expensive... You need to register to the authority in question before you even buy one IP, you get them by the block, but, price is a very complicated matter. –  William Hilsum Aug 18 '11 at 12:42
    
Assuming you live in the US, it looks like the very least you'll pay is USD500 per year for a /22 (v4) or /40 (v6) block. See the ARIN fee schedule. As the annual fee implies, you can only reserve a block; one cannot own addressable space. –  chb Dec 1 '13 at 22:42

Assuming you are somewhere in the geographic area covered by ARIN, this tells you what you need to do. Generally you need to be an ISP of some sort. You probably want to apply for an AS number as well since if you are an ISP you need it for your BGP routing.

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Now that is NOT possible. Different ISPs, providers, can provide different IP blocks.
What you need, is a domain address. That you can point to your VPS's IP all the time, no matter how many times you change your provider.

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you see, my problem is I have to connect to various servers which need IP authentication. if I change the IP address, I have to recheck with them and every time it takes around a week to be confirmed. –  Hamed Momeni Aug 16 '11 at 9:46
    
The only solution for that is having a good VPS provider which gives you a reliable VPS. That's all. OR you can tunnel your traffic through a static IP ...vps, shell, whatsoever ... every time you connect to such a "static IP authenticated" host. –  Shiki Aug 16 '11 at 9:54

I would have a read here: http://www.ripe.net/lir-services/resource-management/faq/faq-general-resources

The best thing, if you don't need a huuuge net - is to get dedicated IP-adresses from your ISP. I know many provides pretty large nets, if needed.

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Dedicated IP is not ISP transferable... –  BloodPhilia Aug 16 '11 at 10:17

Just like @William Hilsum and @ultrasawblade, you must spent a considerable amount of money and effort to own and operate and IP address range. You will become a quite decent ISP if you actually have such infrastructure.

However, you don't actually need to own an IP address to achieve what you want. All you need is the right to use a fixed IP address. You might be able to get one from an ISP, cloud service or co-location provider and ask them "route" it to your actual IP through VPN or address translation.

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According to your requirement you might be interested in CloudFlare service.

CloudFlare works as a proxy layer, it allows to manage DNS record and switching traffic to different server is matter of seconds instead of hours. You can also use advanced features like on fly Security and Performance optimisation.

They offer free and paid subscriptions.

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How are you supposed to use CloudFlare without having a static IP for the A record? –  Serj Sagan Mar 7 at 6:16
    
My point was, that instead of having static IP address as point of entry you can use a domain name, and when you need to redirect traffic from one service provider to another it can help you to solve propagation issue. We used this technique to move busy eCommerce website from SaaS platform to dedicated environment with minimum impact for customers. –  Nazariy Mar 7 at 14:04
    
Sure...but that point of entry domain needs a static IP address...regardless...this is not very on topic with the original question –  Serj Sagan Mar 8 at 0:03

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