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I've couple of files that I cannot remove using rf -Rf command. I'm the owner of those file and the group assigned to those files is also a group my user is in. What's even weirder is that I can edit their content and I can change the permissions for them, but I can't move or delete them.

ls -al
total 12
dr-xr-xr-x 3 rayell pg1083760 4096 2010-10-10 10:00 .
drwxr-xr-x 3 rayell pg1083760 4096 2011-09-02 04:33 ..
-rwxrwxrwx 1 rayell pg1083760    0 2011-09-02 06:38 default.settings.php
drwxrwxrwx 2 rayell pg1083760 4096 2011-09-02 04:33 files
-rwxrwxrwx 1 rayell pg1083760    0 2011-09-02 06:38 settings.php


rm -Rf *
rm: cannot remove `default.settings.php': Permission denied
rm: cannot remove directory `files': Permission denied
rm: cannot remove `settings.php': Permission denied

Can anyone tell me what is happening?

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2  
In general, consider using rm -rf DIRECTORY_NAME and not "*". It will save you from that one time when you will think yourself in directory /some/where/safe but are instead in /home –  Sardathrion Sep 2 '11 at 15:56
    
Actually I did try that, it was just those 3 files that I couldn't remove so I have simplified to procedure a bit for this post's purpose. –  RaYell Sep 3 '11 at 6:17
    
Don't forget the lsattr and chattr command... –  user307335 Mar 13 '14 at 5:36

3 Answers 3

up vote 29 down vote accepted

To remove one file you need write permission on the directory that contains¹ this file.

Here the permissions are dr-xr-xr-x 3 rayell pg1083760 4096 2010-10-10 10:00 . So nobody (other than root) can remove files inside this directory. The owner must use chmod first.


1. There are pretty good reasons for that. By ‘removing’ a file with rm, you are in fact trying to unlink it from the directory (hardlinked copies will not be deleted).

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That worked, thanks. –  RaYell Sep 2 '11 at 14:19

The reason is that the parent directory has chmod 705 or something like that. You can chmod the parent directory by the following command:

chmod -R 777 directory_name

After this, you can remove that directory and the files it contains.

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I had the same problem, and chmod alone didn't do the trick. I first had to change the owner (user and group) of the files I wanted to remove.

sudo chown -hR root:admin dir_to_delete

Explanation:

  • sudo: make sure you have the proper rights
  • chown: Linux command to change owner of a file
  • -hR: change owner of directory and all subdirectories. I found it here.
  • root: name of new user
  • admin: name of new group

I had already changed the modifiers to 777; I don't know if that was necessary or not.

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