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Is there any way to create and format a partition using a bash script?

I think it can be done with fdisk but I don't know how to feed commands from the bash script into the fdisk shell then exit the fdisk shell.

I'm wanting to create a partition then format it to ntfs from within bash.

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6 Answers 6

up vote 17 down vote accepted

You can do it with just a couple of commands, use intros \n instead of multiple echos.

echo -e "o\nn\np\n1\n\n\nw" | fdisk /dev/sda
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This is more terse than the others, but unfortunately seems to only work with bash. –  bk138 Feb 9 at 18:34
It's working with ash/busybox too. –  kikeenrique Feb 10 at 8:59
There are, however, problems with dash :-/ –  bk138 Feb 11 at 15:01
Is another \n needed after the w? –  Elgs Qian Chen Jul 17 at 13:48

fdisk reads from stdin so you just need to feed it the appropriate commands. For example, the following clears the partition table, if there is one, and makes a new one that has a single parititon that is the; entire disk:

(echo o; echo n; echo p; echo 1; echo ; echo; echo w) | sudo fdisk

I recommend you do the task you want, recording what you type so you can reproduce it.

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You can script fdisk.

(echo n; echo p; echo 1; echo 1; echo 200; echo w) | fdisk /dev/sdc

That creates a 200 MB partition on /dev/sdc

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Check out: Parition with sfdisk. All you need to do is make a file, in a certain format that sfdisk will read, then read it into sfdisk.

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sfdisk is too hard :< –  Felipe Alvarez Jun 17 at 23:37

Piping commands to fdisk works well as explained by other people, but this way a bit more elegant and readable:

fdisk /dev/sdc <<EOF


Piping from a (temporary) file also works:

fdisk /dev/sdc < /tmp/fdisk.cmds
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I don't think you can create a partition with fdisk without interacting. You'll want to use parted or sfdisk

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