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I have 100 files: cvd1.txt cvd2.txt ... cvd100.txt

How to gzip 100 files into one .gz file so that after I gunzip it, I should have cvd1.txt, cvd2.txt ... cvd100.txt separately?

Thanks for your help

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migrated from Sep 12 '11 at 22:05

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

up vote 18 down vote accepted

if you have zip,

zip cvd*.txt

Don't need to tar them first.

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@Kurumi- Do Windows programmes such as Winzip or 7-zip recognise .zip files? – Tony Mar 29 '11 at 1:45
@Tony. I believe they do. I tested the 7-zip linux version with zip and able to extract. If you want, there is also GNU zip for windows. – kurumi Mar 29 '11 at 2:06

You want to tar your files together and gzip the resulting tar file.

tar cvzf cvd.tar.gz cvd*.txt

To untar the gzip'd tar file you would do:

tar xvzf cvd.tar.gz -C /path/to/parent/dir

This would extract your files under the /path/to/parent/dir directory

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if you name the file with the extension .tgz, (short for tar gz), then Windows programs will recognize it as something that winzip etc can process as is. Congrats to SiegeX for your 10K! – shellter Mar 29 '11 at 1:29
@shelter good comment. Thanks for the kind words – SiegeX Mar 29 '11 at 1:34

You'll want to use tar, like so:

tar -czvf file.tar.gz cvd*.txt

tar puts the files together, while gzip then performs the compression.

Quoth the gzip manpage:

If you wish to create a single archive file with multiple members so that members can later be extracted independently, use an archiver such as tar or zip. GNU tar supports the -z option to invoke gzip transpar‐ ently. gzip is designed as a complement to tar, not as a replacement.

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gzip by itself does not know anything about file structure. To do what you want, you need to first put the files into some kind of container file (e.g. a tar structure, or similar) and then gzip that. tar has z and j (for bzip2) switches on GNU platforms to do this.

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The switch is actually 'z' ('x' is for extract). Nice you mentioned 'j'/bzip2 - much tighter compression. – Tony Delroy Mar 29 '11 at 2:09
whoops, fixed. thanks! – Joe Mar 29 '11 at 6:30

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