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I would like to learn the basics of Linux; In contrast to tutorials that teach how to do common tasks with Ubuntu or something. I'm looking for a structured introduction, not a reference. Also I would like it to be as modern and updated as possible. (I'm tired of reading a Linux introduction in a book where I'm constantly reminded that "today there are new shells that allow you to see the history of the commands you typed before!"

Does anyone know of something like that?

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closed as off topic by slhck Apr 10 '13 at 13:12

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6 Answers

up vote 15 down vote accepted

You might like the online guide - Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide - as a good starting point. Importantly, it is a well-structured guide. If this is not for you, have a look at Linux in a Nutshell and How Linux Works

A working linux system is typically an installation of a linux distro (distribution). At some point you're going to have to learn processes and commands that are specific to your distribution. You might as well choose a book or guide that bases its explanations and examples on the distro you're using or likely to use.

If you have the time and the inclination, you cannot go wrong with this comprehensive guide: LINUX: Rute User's Tutorial and Exposition. This guide is a blessing for someone who wants to understand linux, not someone starting out on desktop linux.

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+1 on the Rute Users manual. It reminds me a lot of the classic Bell Labs UNIX references of yore. –  J. Polfer Aug 6 '10 at 21:20
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This isn't quite what you're looking for, but I found the Gentoo Installation Handbook to be rather informative. It taught me a lot about how a Linux system is put together from a software perspective.

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One of my personal favorites is "Unix for the Impatient" which is great to understand the essence of Unix. There is much more on top of that, but this is a good starting point.

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Reading on the net and following tutorials is fine, but I found over the years that user groups can also sometime be very useful. Exchange of information, and working with peers is sometime the best way to get your hands dirty about Linux.

And I also think that the best way to learn Linux is to actually start using it. With today's virtual machines, it is easy to get Linux installed in a way that will not cause troubles to your existing installation. Same for the live versions, such as Ubuntu. You can start everything from the CD, and even install it on a USB memory stick, so you can start from it, have your own setup and config, then with a single reboot get back to your existing comfort zone, in the the OS you use to do your work. Once you're comfortable enough with Linux, you can then make the jump and get it installed on your own hard disk. But by then, you will have gained experience.

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you cannot learn linux by simply following a tutorial,you have to get you hands dirty and deal with the system itself,try new distros,solve problems,........etc

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Here are some links to Linux tutorial sites. To learn more you of will need tutorials on the type of Linux you want to use. This might or might not be what you want:

http://www.linux-tutorial.info/

http://lowfatlinux.com/

http://www.howtoforge.com/

Tutorials on Ubuntu:

http://www.simplehelp.net/2007/08/13/linux-for-parents-a-beginners-guide-to-ubuntu/

http://www.unix-tutorials.com/tutorials.php?os=Ubuntu

http://ubuntulinuxhowto.blogspot.com/

http://www.ubuntugeek.com/

Please tell me if you would like links to other types of Linux tutorials.

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