I'm new to Linux and not really sure how file system works
When you install a program on windows it stores the programs files into the
Program files folder and creates an icon in the start menu. If I want to create an icon myself I just search for the exe as there is usually only one exe file with the program name and I create a shortcut to launch it.
Now could someone explain me what happens when I install a program on Linux? (by running .deb file) Where does it stores the programs files, how can I identify the file I have to run to start the application and how do I create a shortcut to run it?