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I need that for the folder /var/www when my user testuser creates a file the permissions are g+rwx and the files belong to the group www-data

Any idea of how could I do that ?



I'm creating the files via SSH.

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How is your user creating files? Via FTP stor/appe ? Via HTTP PUT? Through a shell account? These details are important, because they greatly affect the possible answers, and need to be in your question. –  JdeBP Jan 23 '12 at 13:06
Thanks for the input :), I'm creating everything via SSH. –  Mr.Gando Jan 23 '12 at 13:11

2 Answers 2

up vote 16 down vote accepted

To set the group, give /var/www the setgid bit:

chgrp www-data /var/www
chmod g+s /var/www

To also adjust subdirectories: find /var/www -type d -exec chmod g+s {} +

This will make all newly created files inherit the parent directory's group, instead of the user's.

To set the default group permissions, you will have to use ACLs. Set a "default" ACL:

setfacl -m "default:group::rwx" /var/www

To also adjust subdirectories: find /var/www -type d -exec setfacl -m d:g::rwx {} +

Note: The file system must have ACL support enabled. Sometimes it is on by default; on ext3 or ext4 you might get "Operation not supported", in which case it must be enabled manually:

  • For a currently mounted filesystem: mount -o remount,acl /

  • Permanently – one of the methods below:

    • at fstab level: edit /etc/fstab to have acl in the options field

    • at filesystem level: tune2fs -o acl /dev/diskname

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can't you get the subdirectories with chmod -R g+s /var/www? Doesn't seem like you should need the find command. –  bobpaul Jan 14 '14 at 0:56
@bobpaul: No, because chmod would also get all files. –  grawity Jan 14 '14 at 3:01

The group of the files being created by an user is the group of that user (in /etc/group). The permissions are controlled by the UMASK parameter see this

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