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I am new to Xmonad (just installed it yesterday), and since I have never used haskell before, I found configuration a little bit confusing for me. I got somewhat made xmobar and trayer work, but I have no idea how might I make multimedia keys to adjust volume. Can anyone help with that?

Additional question: How do you manage your volume in xmonad. Do you use tray icon, or other things like that?

Here is my xmonad configuration:

import XMonad
import XMonad.Hooks.DynamicLog
import XMonad.Hooks.ManageDocks
import XMonad.Util.EZConfig(additionalKeys)
import System.IO

main = xmonad =<< statusBar myBar myPP toggleStrutKey myConfig

-- Command to launch the bar
myBar = "xmobar"

-- Custom PP, it determines what is written to the bar
myPP = xmobarPP { ppCurrent = xmobarColor "#429942" "" . wrap "<" ">" }

-- Key bindings to toggle the gap for the bar
toggleStrutKey XConfig {XMonad.modMask = modMask} = (modMask, xK_b)

myConfig = defaultConfig {
    manageHook = manageDocks <+> manageHook defaultConfig,
    layoutHook = avoidStruts $ layoutHook defaultConfig,
    modMask = mod4Mask -- Rebind Mod to windows key
    } `additionalKeys`
    [ ((mod4Mask .|. shiftMask, xK_z), spawn "xscreensaver-command -lock")
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up vote 17 down vote accepted

Use 'xev' and tap the multimedia keys to discover their names. One might be 'XF86XK_AudioMute'. Then look at the contents of '/usr/include/X11/XF86keysym.h' and look for the name. On my system, 'XF86XK_AudioMute' is '0x1008FF12'.

Drop that where you would put a key in your config file. It might look like this:

import XMonad
import XMonad.Hooks.DynamicLog
import XMonad.Hooks.ManageDocks
import XMonad.Util.EZConfig(additionalKeys)
import System.IO


 } `additionalKeys`
    [ ((mod4Mask .|. shiftMask, xK_z), spawn "xscreensaver-command -lock"),
      ((0                     , 0x1008FF11), spawn "amixer set Master 2-"),
      ((0                     , 0x1008FF13), spawn "amixer set Master 2+"),
      ((0                     , 0x1008FF12), spawn "amixer set Master toggle")

'amixer' will set your volume. The '0' replacing mod4Mask allows you to tap the multimedia key without holding your mod key.

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This works. Thanks. – yasar Feb 14 '12 at 17:17
if the amixer set Master 2- doesn't work for your system, try amixer set Master 2%- – zhenjie May 30 '13 at 19:11
When I use xev and press volume keys on my HP laptop I get no keycodes, but showkey command show them as keycode 114 and keycode 115. How do I need to change this XMonad config file to work with my keys? – valentt Jul 3 '13 at 18:38
On Ubuntu 13.04 this worked copy/paste without looking up the keys symbols. – Cory Klein Oct 16 '13 at 21:19
If the mute above cannot unmute, try amixer -D pulse set Master toggle instead. – Ziyao Wei Dec 26 '13 at 19:26

See this Graphics.X11.ExtraTypes.XF86 for keys you want and add to your config file:

import Graphics.X11.ExtraTypes.XF86
myKeys conf@(XConfig {XMonad.modMask = modm}) = M.fromList $
[ ...
, ((0, xF86XK_AudioLowerVolume   ), spawn "amixer set Master 2-")
, ((0, xF86XK_AudioRaiseVolume   ), spawn "amixer set Master 2+")
, ((0, xF86XK_AudioMute          ), spawn "amixer set Master toggle")
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I get an error with this config: "xmonad.hs:29:1: parse error (possibly incorrect indentation) Please check the file for errors." That line is where "[ ..." begins ... Do you know why this happens? – valentt Jul 3 '13 at 18:09
To use Graphics.X11.ExtraTypes.XF86 is the better solution for readability. – erik Oct 4 '13 at 9:52
@valentt The line with the dots is just an example. It should look like that, so instead of the three dots you have your first key defined: [ ((modMask, xK_e ), spawn "dmenu_run") – erik Oct 4 '13 at 9:57

If you're using pulseaudio, pactl also should work.

, ((0 , xF86XK_AudioRaiseVolume), spawn "pactl set-sink-volume 0 +1.5%")
, ((0 , xF86XK_AudioLowerVolume), spawn "pactl set-sink-volume 0 -- -1.5%")
, ((0 , xF86XK_AudioMute), spawn "pactl set-sink-mute 0 toggle")

0 is sink id. pactl list short sinks will show sink list.

pactl stat|grep 'Default Sink' | cut -f2 -d':'

will show current default sink. You can use sink name instead numeric id.

Doulble dash -- tells 'this is not option(like -h), just value' to pactl.

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Nice! However, the -- didn't work for me on 15.10, just removing it did the trick. Also, there is a special name @DEFAULT_SINK@, so you don't need to fiddle around with device specific numbers/names. – iGEL Jan 8 at 12:54
This is perfect, replacing 0 with @DEFAULT_SINK@ in the above commands! At least for those switching from other DEs -- thanks a lot to you! – Jan D Mar 3 at 12:05

If amixer set Master 2- does not work. Try amixer -D pulse set Master 2- instead. Also 2%- and 2%+ will change the volume by 2 percent, which may be easier to use. You can test these commands in the terminal to adjust them to your liking before you put them in you xmonad config file.

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