Occasionally, I find my TEMP and TMP environment variables set to
C:\Windows\TEMP. They should be set to
%USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\Temp, and are configured correctly in System Properties.
This manifests itself as error messages like the following:
---> System.InvalidOperationException: Unable to generate a temporary class (result=1). error CS2001: Source file 'C:\Windows\TEMP\gb_pz65v.0.cs' could not be found error CS2008: No inputs specified
...which occurs in various .NET applications (in particular Visual Studio 2010 or SQL Server Management Studio). Alternatively, SQL Server Management Studio will report:
Value cannot be null. Parameter name: viewInfo (Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SqlStudio.Explorer)
If I run PowerShell elevated, then
$env:TEMP is set correctly. If I run PowerShell non-elevated, then it's not. I believe that it should be set correctly in both cases. If not, it's the wrong way round.
The same is true for CMD.EXE.
Rebooting fixes it, temporarily, until something breaks it again. Presumably something loaded into Explorer.exe is messing with its environment variables, but what?
The values in the registry are correct, even while this is happening:
By setting a breakpoint on
shell32!RegenerateUserEnvironment with WinDbg, I'm able to trap it when it happens, but I still don't know why
explorer.exe is reading the wrong environment variables.
I can reproduce it consistently by broadcasting a
WM_SETTINGCHANGE message (I wrote a one-line C++ program to do this). Watching the activity in Process Monitor shows that explorer.exe doesn't even look at
What is going on?