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I like to know how to use command-line to connect to a wired network in general for Ubuntu 8.10?

In my case, I connect a cable to my laptop but it doesn't work with my WICD. So I like to try command-line method.

Here is the ifconfig of my network adapters:

$ ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:c0:9f:8d:23:74  
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
          Interrupt:19 Base address:0x1800 

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:4457 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:4457 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:493002 (493.0 KB)  TX bytes:493002 (493.0 KB)

wlan0     Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0e:9b:ab:56:19  
          UP BROADCAST NOTRAILERS PROMISC ALLMULTI  MTU:576  Metric:1
          RX packets:1508929 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:768144 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:806027375 (806.0 MB)  TX bytes:78834873 (78.8 MB)

wlan0:avahi Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0e:9b:ab:56:19  
          inet addr:169.254.5.92  Bcast:169.254.255.255  Mask:255.255.0.0
          UP BROADCAST NOTRAILERS PROMISC ALLMULTI  MTU:576  Metric:1

wmaster0  Link encap:UNSPEC  HWaddr 00-0E-9B-AB-56-19-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00  
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

UPDATE:

Tried what oyvindio suggested. Here is the failing message:

$ sudo dhclient3 eth0
There is already a pid file /var/run/dhclient.pid with pid 18279
killed old client process, removed PID file
Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client V3.1.1
Copyright 2004-2008 Internet Systems Consortium.
All rights reserved.
For info, please visit http://www.isc.org/sw/dhcp/

mon0: unknown hardware address type 803
wmaster0: unknown hardware address type 801
mon0: unknown hardware address type 803
wmaster0: unknown hardware address type 801
Listening on LPF/eth0/00:c0:9f:8d:23:74
Sending on   LPF/eth0/00:c0:9f:8d:23:74
Sending on   Socket/fallback
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 5
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 10
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 12
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 15
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 11
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 8
No DHCPOFFERS received.
No working leases in persistent database - sleeping.
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2 Answers 2

If your router is set up to serve IP addresses via dhcp, run sudo dhclient3 eth0 to ask for an IP address for the eth0 interface.

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Thank you! The command fails to connect. Please see the update to the original post for the failing information. I am now using school's wired network. How to check if IP is served via dhcp? Also I think the cause of the problem might be that I change my wlan0 to be monitor mode (see superuser.com/questions/44161/…). Thanks and regards! –  Tim Sep 20 '09 at 21:35

The No DHCPOFFERS received. means that you're not reaching, and getting a response, from the DHCP server.

There may be a number of reasons for this, but having your wireless in monitor mode isn't one I'd put on the list. It could be that the DHCP server only serves a limited set of MAC addresses (each network card has a unique MAC address), or that there is no DHCP server. It could also be a security feature of the switch restricting access only to certain MAC addresses.

The other thing to check is hardware - does the network cable work with another computer and does your computer work with another wired network.

The easy way to test your theory is to take wlan0 out of monitor mode.

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