It's possible using
-p to make the tabs and then
-c vs to make the vertical split.
$vim -p file2 file4 -c 'vs file1' -c 'tabn' -c 'vs file3'
does what you wanted in your example, but it's a mess of a command to type and you have to list the file you want to end up on the right of the split first which seems backwards to me.
You probably want to look into
:help mksession to save the current session to a file and then load it with
:source [file] to reload it. It's easier then that monster of a command line and you could even do it from the command line.
$vim -c 'source session.vim
I got the idea for the solution from vim_use and the specifics from
As a side note, I love using full tab help pages in vim like this
tab help windows