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Is there any way to check which baud rates are supported for a serial device on Linux?

I've poked around the /sys/class/tty/ttyS0 directory, but I can't see anything in there that lists this type of information.

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1  
I would hesitate to say it's available unless the driver controlling the device is 100% compatible. I'd go to the manufacturer's documentation to be sure. – user3463 Oct 16 '12 at 16:07
up vote 3 down vote accepted

You seem to be asking two different questions.

Is there any way to check which baud rates are supported on a serial device?

The answer would depend on (1) the capabilities of the hardware, i.e. the UART/USART/SCC, and the range of divisors that the device driver can use in the baud rate generator; consult the device data sheet; (2) the frequency of the clock/oscillator connected to the serial port device; consult the board documentation.

Is there any way to check which baud rates are supported on Linux?

The one of the defined baud rates in include/asm-generic/termbits.h for the *c_cflag* member of the terminal control structure is the typical method that the serial port (i.e. UART/USART) device driver receives for the baud rate configuration value.

#define  B0     0000000         /* hang up */
#define  B50    0000001
#define  B75    0000002
#define  B110   0000003
#define  B134   0000004
#define  B150   0000005
#define  B200   0000006
#define  B300   0000007
#define  B600   0000010
#define  B1200  0000011
#define  B1800  0000012
#define  B2400  0000013
#define  B4800  0000014
#define  B9600  0000015
#define  B19200 0000016
#define  B38400 0000017

#define    BOTHER 0010000
#define    B57600 0010001
#define   B115200 0010002
#define   B230400 0010003
#define   B460800 0010004
#define   B500000 0010005
#define   B576000 0010006
#define   B921600 0010007
#define  B1000000 0010010
#define  B1152000 0010011
#define  B1500000 0010012
#define  B2000000 0010013
#define  B2500000 0010014
#define  B3000000 0010015
#define  B3500000 0010016
#define  B4000000 0010017

Serial port drivers typically do not have any means of reporting/advertising which of these baud rates are actually supported/configurable/implemented. There is a capabilities value for attributes like FIFO and sleeping but not for baud rates. A driver could define an ioctl() call to configure (nonstandard) baud rates, although that would make programs using it non-portable.

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You can check the device baud rate using the "stty" command on the console:

$ stty < /dev/tty..      (where tty... is the device file you are listening)  

output:

speed 9600 baud; line = 0;
-brkint -imaxbel

You can also change the baud rate with the following command:

$ sudo stty -F /dev/tty... 9600    (or whatever baud rate number)
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