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My home network has three desktops, three laptops and some NAS drives. All desktops and NAS drives support Gigabit LAN and all laptops support Wireless-N. I was running a 100 BaseT switch though.

I recently purchased a Gigabit Ethernet Switch and an Wireless-N ADSL Modem-Router.

After upgrading, I noticed that the wireless file transfer speeds from laptop-to-NAS and vice versa became terribly slow. Possibly even slower than before the upgrade. The transfer speeds from desktop-to-NAS (wired) have improved though.

As an example, copying a 50GB file from laptop-to-NAS was estimated at 15 hours!

Is there something I can do to improve this? Also, should I consider buying a dedicated wireless access point for speed rather than using the Wireless modem-router?

UPDATE: Not sure if this helps but I noticed that all network cables installed in the network are CAT 5.

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1 Answer 1

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  1. This sounds like a problem with your Wireless-N ADSL Router. Note that speeds rated for Wireless-N devices (like Wireless-G or other technologies) are theoretical maximums. The practical speed depends on the router hardware and firmware and are usually well below the theoretical maximums. You should try the wireless part with another (better rated) Wireless-N router.
  2. Another thing to look at is if the Wireless-N router is configured to use WEP or WPA for security. Using either of these encryption mechanisms would force it to act like a Wireless-G router and thus bring it below 54Mbps. Make sure you're using WPA2.
  3. Are you sure you don't have any non-802.11n devices? If there's a mix of N and G (or worse, B) devices, then the default setting on most routers to use a "Mixed" mode could affect the throughput for higher speed devices. If you can change it, set the Network Mode to "Wireless-N" and not to anything else.
  4. You could also try changing the Channel configured for wireless. That would help if there's interference in your environment.
  5. Check if the router firmware is the latest and upgrade if necessary.
  6. Also check the Cisco forums. It looks like you're not alone with speed issues.
  7. Since the desktop speeds have improved, the Gigabit switch is helping the wired connections. However, CAT 5 may not be sufficient to support Gigabit ethernet speeds. You'd likely get a much better speed between your desktops and NAS through the wired connection with a CAT 6 cable (it's certified for Gigabit ethernet). A cheaper alternative to CAT 6 is CAT 5e. To improve speeds even further on the wired network, you can configure your systems to use Gigabit full duplex with Jumbo Frames (assuming all of them support it). The default configuration would be to auto-negotiate the speed and use Standard Ethernet Frames.

Also see:
CAT 6 VS. CAT 5e

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Thank you. I am a novice with networking but do understand your answer. Will definitely look into Jumbo Frames. Budget is not an issue in this case so CAT 6 is the way to go. By the way, the speed I am currently getting on Wireless-N is less than 3MB/second. I know the listed speeds are the theoretical maximums but is 3MB/second below average? It certainly seems so. –  Raheel Khan Oct 19 '12 at 12:38
    
Since 3MB/s is around 24Mbps, it seems like a combination of a bad router and weak security configuration. See point #2 in the updated answer. –  M K Oct 19 '12 at 14:58
    
The device is a Linksys Wireless-N ADSL2+ Gateway WAG160Nv2 and the security is set to WPA2-Mixed. There are also options for WPA2-Personal and WPA2-Enterprise (which requires a radius server). Changing to WPA2-Personal seems to improve the speed up to 4.4MBPS or 35Mbps. –  Raheel Khan Oct 20 '12 at 5:02
    
Considering all your suggestions, it appears that this device is not well-suited for handling multiple wireless devices. I see an increase in throughput with only one device and dropped internet connections as more devices join in :(. Would you recommend separate dedicated modem and access points and if yes, which one? –  Raheel Khan Oct 20 '12 at 5:04
    
I added a few more points to the answer. As for recommendations, you would be better off checking top rated routers and their reviews on sites like amazon.com and newegg.com. –  M K Oct 20 '12 at 7:27

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