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In Windows command prompt, you can directly type a file name and based on its extension the system launch corresponding applications. For example, C:> foto.jpg (Enter) or C:> doc.pdf (Enter). I wonder if there are similar settings in Ubuntu such as xterm. Thanks.

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migrated from stackoverflow.com Oct 19 '12 at 19:23

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

You can use xdg-open:

$ xdg-open doc.pdf &

It will open the file (or URL) you specify with your preferred application.

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