From the Change folder options page in Windows Help and Support
To apply a view to other folders
You can customize a folder to appear the way you like it in File
Explorer, and then apply the view to other, similar folders (folders
that are optimized for the same kind of file).
Tap or click to open Computer.
Expand a location to get to a folder that isn't in a library, and open the folder.
Note: Changing the view of folders that you access through libraries
works a little differently. If you open a folder under Libraries in
the navigation pane in File Explorer, and then change the view, that
view is applied to all the other folders that you access through the
library as well. You can also change the kind of file for which the
library is optimized. Select the library in the navigation pane, tap
or click the Library Tools tab, and pick a kind of file under Optimize
If the folder isn't optimized for the right kind of file, change it. Tap or click the Home tab, tap or click Properties, tap or click
the Customize tab, and pick one of the choices in the Optimize this
folder for box.
Use the View tab on the ribbon to change the folder view—the layout (icons, list, details, and so on), sorting, grouping, the columns that
appear, and the other file info that appears.
Tap or click the View tab, and then tap or click Options.
In the Folder Options dialog box, tap or click the View tab, tap or click Apply to Folders, tap or click Yes, and then tap or click OK.
Note: The Apply to Folders button won't be available if the folder you
selected in step 2 is in a library.
If you want to view all folders on your PC using the same view, repeat steps 1-5 for each of the five folder types (General items,
Documents, Pictures, Music, and Videos).
Note: When you apply a view to folders that are optimized for a
particular kind of file, the view will also be applied to any new
folders of that type.