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I have installed vim 7.3 under cygwin.

And I have this in my ~/.vimrc

$ cat .vimrc
colorscheme wombat

And then I have this file wombat.vim under '.vim/colors'.

 $ ls -la .vim/colors/
total 8.0K
drwxrwxr-x+ 1 cheungs mkgroup    0 Nov 12 00:04 ./
drwxrwxr-x+ 1 cheungs mkgroup    0 Nov 12 00:04 ../
-rw-r--r--  1 cheungs mkgroup 1.5K Nov 12 00:04 wombat.vim

But when I 'vim AJavaFile.java', it shows no color, just black and white.

How can I fix it? I have the same settings under Ubuntu, and that works.

Thank you.

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You have to (either run or) add the following command to your ~/.vimrc file:

:syntax on

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I later found that I had installed both vi and vim on Cygwin, so I added this to my .bashrc:

alias vi="/usr/bin/vim"

and then created the following ~/.vimrc file:

" double-quotes are comments for the .vimrc file
set nocompatible
set nocp
set backspace=indent,eol,start
set term=xterm-256
syntax on
set hlsearch
set t_Co=8
set t_Sb=m
set t_Sf=m

I now have syntax highlighting, INSERT/REPLACE on the home bar, as well as correct arrow key operation and backspace/delete key operation during INSERT mode. Cygwin vi now behaves as my normal Linux vi.

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This should be the accepted answer, it worked perfectly for me. Thanks buddy. P.S. I recommend adding "hi Comment ctermfg=LightBlue" in the ~/.vimrc so comments are more visible – Iancovici May 12 '14 at 11:19
    
Thanks, echad, I was wondering how to get my comment lines more visible! – Glenn Strycker May 12 '14 at 19:47
    
I had to set cygwin type terminal (Options -> Terminal) to "xterm-256color" to get working – ramirio Feb 20 '15 at 11:53

As of vim-7.3.943 the vi binary is now compiled with the small featureset. To get syntax highlighting you must use vim (or alias vi to vim...).

This is likely a newer version than was available at the time of OP, but it is relevant now and is still v7.3 as listed in the OP.

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You should change cyngwin terminal options to xterm-256. Then restart termin

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1  
You should add more detail to your question elaborating on why your solution works – Shekhar Nov 13 '13 at 18:31
    
No, cygwin terminal is configured fine by default. Either of them (console host or mintty). – Jan Hudec May 1 '14 at 20:04

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