There have been some weird design decisions in Explorer to say the least. One of the worst of which for me is when I open a files folder location the filename column width is about 10% of available screen width. How do I change the default width? I constantly need to resize explorer's stupid default.
If you get a folder looking the way you want it and then select Organize from the menu - and then folder options - then click the view tab and finally click the Apply to all Folders button. This view should then be the default.
These settings can be overridden however if you have already applied a view to a specific folder using the Organize - Properties - Customize - and then applying a view for a particular type of folder like pictues.
My standard view is the details view, group by type ascending and sort by name ascending - I find this the most practical for most general folders.