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I have found myself keep doing cd some_dir quickly followed by ls for quite some time now, and have been trying to write a bash alias to let me do this, such as:

alas cd="cd $@; ls";

Problem with this is you can't have an input argument in the middle of an alias (correct me if I'm wrong).

I've also tried defining my own shell function as suggested by this page:

cd() { cd "$@"; ls; }

But the problem with this one is if I try to use it like so:

cd Documents

the shell exits with [Process completed], rendering the shell useless... So how should I get around this?

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migrated from stackoverflow.com Nov 19 '12 at 14:05

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

1  
I'd love a shell that had alas as a builtin. – Rob Davis Nov 17 '12 at 19:45
    
I recommend you don't do this. Make your alias named "cdl" or something else. Otherwise, you'll get into this habit. Worse: you could encounter times when you wouldn't want to ls. e.g., when handling a remote filesystem, it may be slow. When running make, a script might cd a lot, and there's no point in slowing the script down. Simply, out of habit, you're best off trying to not conflict with widely deployed native commands you know about. – TOOGAM Jun 13 at 18:53
    
@RobDavis What is this "alas" program of which you spoke of? (I realize it's been over three and a half years since you made that comment.) Is this a third party program with a home page? – TOOGAM Jun 13 at 18:56
    
@TOOGAM Given that Rob Davis appears to no longer have an active account, you probably won't get an answer from him. But I suspect he was referring to the meaning of the word "alas" as an expression of sorrow and not any specific program. – 8bittree Jun 13 at 19:05
up vote 11 down vote accepted

Try this:

cd() { builtin cd "$@" && ls; }

builtin makes the cd inside the function invoke the builtin cd command rather than trying to call the function recursively.

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Is recursion actually a risk? I do alias ls='ls --color', and it doesn't recurse. Nor does 'alias rm='rm -i' – David Yaw Nov 17 '12 at 13:53
3  
Those are aliases, not a functions. They don't work the same way. Try foo() { echo hello ; foo; }; foo; (have your Ctrl-C ready). – Mat Nov 17 '12 at 13:54
    
Ah, quite right, wasn't paying enough attention. – David Yaw Nov 17 '12 at 13:58
3  
Might be better to have builtin cd "$@" && ls; instead so that ls doesn't run if there is problem entering the directory (non-existent etc.), like what John Ledbetter mentioned in his answer. – doubleDown Nov 17 '12 at 14:13
    
Yep, that's much better; hadn't thought about that, thanks. – Mat Nov 17 '12 at 14:17

In GNU Bash,

PROMPT_COMMAND=ls
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     alias cd='cd $@ &&  ls $@ --color '

cd any directory name it can be display the all content.The alias set to cd command in the .bashrc file and run the . .bashrc file. it's change in to all place

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I have come up with a Bash script that should work to make this happen.

# Automatically do an ls after each cd
cd() {
  if [ -n "$1" ]; then
    builtin cd "$@" && ls --group-directories-first
  else
    builtin cd ~ && ls --group-directories-first
  fi
}
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