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I'm able to extract individual file rpm rpm by:

rpm2cpio rpm_name | cpio -ivd ./a/b/c/README

I need to extract the whole /a/b/c/ directory (using ./a/b/c/ in above command doesn't works)?

  1. How it can be done?
  2. Can I indicate where to create directory "c/" instead of ./a/b/c?
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migrated from stackoverflow.com Nov 22 '12 at 8:20

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

up vote 2 down vote accepted
  1. use a wildcard, but be careful to protect it from the shell:

    rpm2cpio rpm_name | cpio -ivd './a/b/c/*'

  2. Not directly, but cpio does have a -r/--rename switch. There are unfortunately two problems with that: it asks about each file and it takes input from /dev/tty directly. Which means it's not easy to automate it. You could use the expect program if you really wanted to do it. Warning: not for the faint of heart ;) Note that it doesn't handle files with quotes (or possibly spaces) properly. It expects the name of the rpm file, a pattern for the files to extract and a sed command to transform each file. Usage example:

    cpio.sh rpm_name './a/b/c/*' 's#^./a/b/#foo/#'

Theoretically the script could be piped into expect but that's left as an excercise for the reader.

#! /bin/bash

SCRIPT=/tmp/$$.expect
RPM="$1"
FILES="$2"
TRANSFORM="$3"

echo "spawn sh -c \"rpm2cpio \\\"$RPM\\\" | cpio -ird '$FILES'\"" > "$SCRIPT"
rpm2cpio "$RPM" | cpio -it "$FILES" 2>/dev/null | sed "$TRANSFORM" | while read line
do
    echo "send \"$line\\r\"" >> "$SCRIPT"
done
echo "wait" >> "$SCRIPT"
expect "$SCRIPT"
rm -f "$SCRIPT"
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Your 1st solution is what I was looking for. Thanks – dimba Nov 21 '12 at 6:18

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