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Background:

  • I have some unicode characters in my prompt (git status markers essentially)
  • I'm running urxvt under xfce on arch linux.
  • I'm using DejaVu Sans Mono for Powerline font, specified via .Xresources line:

    URxvt*font: xft:DejaVu Sans Mono for Powerline:pixelsize=14

When I start urxvt the unicode characters do not render correctly.

For example

● renders as â

However, if I then start a new urxvt from inside the first terminal everything renders correctly.

There doesn't appear to be any difference in the environment between the two terminals.

What could be the difference between the first invocation and the nested invocation? I suspect the font is not correct in the 'outer' instance, but I'm unsure how to check the font of a running X window

UPDATE: It seems that the locale is not correctly set up in the app launcher for xfce4, but presumably the shell inside the first terminal inits it's own locale, meaning that both shells have the same locale.

adding

export LANG=en_GB.UTF-8

to .xinitrc before xfce4 is started seems to fix it. I suspect this isn't the correct way, but it works well enough for me.

screenshot demonstrates the problem:

enter image description here

Note: I moved this question from serverfault.com - i hope this site is more appropriate

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How do you start X? How do you start "the first" terminal? It seems that the environment is different for these two. –  Ярослав Рахматуллин Nov 24 '12 at 17:24

1 Answer 1

up vote 6 down vote accepted

I am not entirely certain what the cause of the problem is, but the steps below might help:

  1. Confirm that the locale is set up properly

    $ locale
    LANG=en_US.UTF-8
    LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8"
    LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8
    
  2. Enable the desired locales in /etc/locale.gen and run locale-gen

    $ cat /etc/locale.gen |grep UTF
    en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
    nb_NO.UTF-8 UTF-8
    ru_RU.UTF-8 UTF-8
    
  3. Make sure that the desired font can be loaded

    $ xset +fp /usr/share/fonts/cyrillic
    $ fc-cache
    $ fc-list # to check

  4. Apply the settings from .Xdefaults (or similar) before starting the "first terminal"
    xrdb ~/.Xdefaults

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This is definitely to do with locale (see my update to the question), so accepting this answer as it pointed me in the correct direction. Thnks. –  sw1nn Nov 29 '12 at 19:31
    
Its usually not a terrible idea to put locale settings in ~/.bash_profile (~/.zprofile), but ~/.xinitrc would work too. –  Ярослав Рахматуллин Nov 29 '12 at 19:35
    
if i login on a virtual terminal (ie. without X) it all works. The shell bit is working fine, it's specific to X –  sw1nn Nov 29 '12 at 19:39
    
Probably because X (or startxfce) is started from a non-login shell that does not read LANG & co from a profile. For bash, ~/.bashrc can be used to set stuff for non-login shells. But like I said, there is nothing wrong with leaving your locale settings and other variables in ~/.xinitrc. –  Ярослав Рахматуллин Nov 29 '12 at 19:50

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