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I have a script that extracts a tar.gz-file to a speificed subdirectory mysubfolder:

mkdir mysubfolder; tar --extract --file=sourcefile.tar.gz --strip-components=1 --directory=mysubfolder;

Is there any equivalent way of doing this with a zip-file?

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migrated from Dec 12 '12 at 14:05

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

Just use bsdtar – drizzt Aug 10 '15 at 17:01
up vote 9 down vote accepted

As Mathias said, unzip has no such option, but a one-liner bash script can do the job.

Problem is: the best approach depends on your archive layout. A solution that assumes a single top-level dir will fail miserably if the content is directly in the archive root (think about /a/foo /b/foo /foo and the chaos of stripping /a and /b).

And the same fail happens with tar --strip-component. There is no one-size-fits-all solution.

So, to strip the root dir, assuming there is one (and only one):

unzip -d "$dest" "$zip" && f=("$dest"/*) && mv "$dest"/*/* "$dest" && rmdir "${f[@]}"

Just make sure second-level files/dirs do not have the same name of the top-level parent (for example, /foo/foo). But /foo/bar/foo and /foo/bar/bar are ok. If they do, or you just want to be safe, you can use a temp dir for extraction:

temp=$(mktemp -d) && unzip -d "$temp" "$zip" && mkdir -p "$dest" &&
mv "$temp"/*/* "$dest" && rmdir "$temp"/* "$temp"

If you're using Bash, you can test if top level is a single dir or not using:

f=("$temp"/*); (( ${#f[@]} == 1 )) && [[ -d "${f[0]}" ]] && echo "Single dir!"

Speaking of Bash, you should turn on dotglob to include hidden files, and you can wrap everything in a single, handy function:

unzip-strip() (
    local zip=$1
    local dest=${2:-.}
    local temp=$(mktemp -d) && unzip -d "$temp" "$zip" && mkdir -p "$dest" &&
    shopt -s dotglob && local f=("$temp"/*) &&
    if (( ${#f[@]} == 1 )) && [[ -d "${f[0]}" ]] ; then
        mv "$temp"/*/* "$dest"
        mv "$temp"/* "$dest"
    fi && rmdir "$temp"/* "$temp"

Now put that in your ~/.bashrc or ~/.profile and you'll never have to worry about it again. Simply use as:

unzip-strip mysubfolder

(notice it will automatically create mysubfolder for you if it does not exist)

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I couldn’t find such an option in the manual pages for unzip, so I’m afraid this is impossible. :(

However, (depending on the situation) you could work around it. For example, if you’re sure the only top-level directory in the zip file is named foo- followed by a version number, you could do something like this:

cd /tmp
unzip /path/to/
cd foo-*
cp -r . /path/to/destination/folder
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Nice approach, but a bit incomplete: you will still have foo* dir with the full extracted content. – MestreLion Mar 28 '13 at 5:44
Yes, I didn’t add rm -rf foo-* on purpose as that’s potentially dangerous. What if there already was a folder named foo-bar? Note that the extraction is being done within the /tmp folder, which gets emptied automatically every now and then. – Mathias Bynens Mar 28 '13 at 10:59
That's why I chained operations using &&: a given step only happens if the previous step was successful, so the last one (the rm) only runs if all steps completed with no error. – MestreLion Mar 28 '13 at 15:21
That's also why one should never user /tmp/some-hardcoded-folder-name as a temp folder, but instead should use mktemp for that: it guarantees there will be no such existing folder. Check my answer below. – MestreLion Mar 28 '13 at 15:23
TIL about mktemp. Thanks! – Mathias Bynens Mar 29 '13 at 11:13

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