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I'm trying to add a line into the hosts file on my Mac by executing a one line command on the terminal.

I thought this would be easy using sudo, but it returns "permission denied" when I try to add >> to the hosts file, but it works if I try replace > the hosts contents.

sudo echo test >> /etc/hosts
-bash: /etc/hosts: Permission denied

sudo echo test > /etc/hosts

OS is up to date.

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simply use a text editor (started with sudo) to modify your /etc/hosts – MrSmith42 Jan 19 '13 at 21:08
I want to make a script that will help automate this, so a text editor wouldn't help in this case. – Mint Jan 19 '13 at 21:12
up vote 11 down vote accepted

That's because echo is being run as root, but the shell is the one actually performing the redirection. You need to spawn a new shell for this to work:

sudo -- sh -c "echo test >> /etc/hosts"

Edit: I haven't seen the fact that the > redirect works; I can't explain that.

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I feel it's worth noting the utility tee because allowing a subshell execution from sudo is and should be blocked in most production environments for security reasons. – Steve Buzonas Dec 25 '13 at 23:50

Rather then running echo through a redirect which will be run as your current user, not root as echo is being run in your example, use tee as Steve Buzonas suggests

 echo 'test' | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts

The sudo is now applied to the tee command. The '-a' appends to the file

This will also output tee to standard output. If you don't want to see 'test' in your terminal also add: > /dev/null to the end of that line.

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To ensure that a new line was created first, I used this:

sudo -- sh -c "echo  \ \ >> /etc/hosts";sudo -- sh -c "echo >> /etc/hosts"
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