I have a SATA II motherboard and a SATA III Crucial M4 SSD that can read above 400MB/s. With the AS SSD benchmark tool I get 265MB/sec read rate, indicating my maximum SATA 2 throughput.
I should point out that the main benefit of a SSD is not maximum transfer rate, but low latency and fast random access. You still get all those benefits on SATA 2, so it's well worth it.
To cover a real-world file transfer scenario unrestricted by drive performance, I copied a 8GB file from a SSD to another SSD with TeraCopy. It yielded an average speed of 141MB/s, indicating a total of around 280MB/s throughput.