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On my Windows 8 laptop, whenever I'm doing video transcoding with Handbrake, it seems to limit the CPU usage to 44% and the CPU frequency to 42% or 43% of max allowed.

That probably means the CPU runs at 100% but the frequency is about 1.14GHz only.

I know the Core-i5 has a thermal controller to issue Turbo boost when there's only one processor with intense use but I didn't knew that it would reduce frequency when all the cores are being heavily used.

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Is it really possible? I live on a very hot place (it's about 35°C right now) and it's very common for computers to overheat here.

BTW, when I try to open the HW-Monitor (that I installed before upgrading to Windows 8) it freezes the computer and I have to hold the shutdown button to be able to use it again. There are other options to measure temperature?

More Info: After letting the PC cools a bit, it will use 100% of CPU power (at 2.66GHz) but then it will start going to 1.14GHz and back to 2.66GHz... It will repeat with larger and larger steps until it stays on 1.14 during the rest of the process.

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What's your laptop model? It sounds like an issue with either clogged fans or just a terrible cooling design (there are plenty of laptops that suffer from this kind of thing). –  Marcus Chan Feb 10 '13 at 20:34
    
@MarcusChan I've seen lots of laptops working very well and when brought here (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) they start overheating... BTW it's a Dell Inspiron –  JBernardo Feb 10 '13 at 22:13
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Yes it is both possible and desired. It is a safety feature, the CPU is throttled when the temperature rises. This will bring the temperature down since a slower CPU produces less heat. Wikipedia says (emphasis mine):

Dynamic frequency scaling (also known as CPU throttling) is a technique in computer architecture whereby the frequency of a microprocessor can be automatically adjusted "on the fly," either to conserve power or to reduce the amount of heat generated by the chip. Dynamic frequency scaling is commonly used in laptops and other mobile devices, where energy comes from a battery and thus is limited. It is also used in quiet computing settings and to decrease energy and cooling costs for lightly loaded machines. Less heat output, in turn, allows the system cooling fans to be throttled down or turned off, reducing noise levels and further decreasing power consumption. It is also used for reducing heat in insufficiently cooled systems when the temperature reaches a certain threshold, such as in poorly cooled overclocked systems.

If you are seeing this, your laptop fans are probably clogged by dust. My guess is that if you simply clean the laptop the problem will disappear. If not, you may have to change the thermal paste between the CPU and its heat sink.


Update: The i5-480M has a critical temperature of 130°C and, by default is set to start throttling at 100°C (see section 5.2.2.1.4 here). So, what you describe sounds perfectly normal. As I said, you may want to change the thermal paste.

There are various other things you can try, cooling pads, clip-on fans, just a simple every day fan pointing at the laptop and other, more low-tech, methods (source):

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However, all of these treat the symptom and not the cause. If you are seeing temperatures rise so much, there is an underlying problem and you should probably not ignore it.

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Cleaning the cooler requires removing about every single piece of hardware in this model (Dell Inspiron). I've did this about 3 months ago... What do you think about those laptop cooling pads? –  JBernardo Feb 10 '13 at 22:17
    
I think you really shouldn't need one. They will help, sure, but are a bad sign. If the laptop is clean, your problem is probably the thermal paste. How old is this machine? Thermal paste has a limited life time. –  terdon Feb 10 '13 at 22:21
    
@terdon It's got an i5, it can't be that old. JBernardo, try openhardwaremonitor.org, should do the trick. –  Marcus Chan Feb 11 '13 at 0:23
    
@MarcusChan the i5 480M was released in the 1st quarter of 2011. That means that the laptop could be 3 years old. That is not extreme, I agree, but it would not surprise me to find that the thermal paste on a 3 year old laptop that often reaches high temperatures (video editing) needs to be changed. In any case, the OP has heating problems on a clean laptop, thermal paste is the most obvious culprit. –  terdon Feb 11 '13 at 0:28
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@JBernardo: So it's a thermal issue. This may be a hardware problem (bad fan, dusty heatsink) or it may just be poor design. Some laptops can't run their CPUs at 100% for more than a few minutes. –  David Schwartz Feb 11 '13 at 2:34
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