Here is a several-step solution, assuming you can do some of this manually, and don't need a single completely automated solution: (and if you do, I'm sure you can take it from here...)

- Excel is not a database.
- Dump all the data into a single sheet. (For the sake of example, I am assuming that you have UID in column A, DATE in column B, and the STATUS in C).
- In a second sheet, perform a Remove Duplicates
*on the UID column ***only**. (e.g. copy filtered uniques only, or copy the whole column then perform a standard Remove Duplicates).
In the DATE column, add the following Array* formula:

{=MAX(IF(DataSheet!A:A=A1, DataSheet!B:B))}

This basically selects the latest date for each UID. (This is for the first row of course, make sure to fill all the rest of the rows with A1, A2, ... )

In the STATUS column, add the following Array formula:

{=INDEX(IF(DataSheet!A:A=A1,IF(DataSheet!B:B=B1,DataSheet!C:C)),MATCH(TRUE,IF(DataSheet!A:A=A1,IF(DataSheet!B:B=B1,TRUE)),0))}

(Again note the first row, fill the rest).

This one is more complex, let's break it down:

IF(DataSheet!A:A=A1,IF(DataSheet!B:B=B1,DataSheet!C:C))

This array formula simply performs the equivalent of an SQL WHERE clause with two conditions: for all rows that match both the UID (A column) and DATE (B column), return the row's value in the C column (STATUS).

MATCH(TRUE,IF(DataSheet!A:A=A1,IF(DataSheet!B:B=B1,TRUE)),0)

The first formula *should* have been good enough, but since we don't have a way to pull out only the non-null (or non-FALSE) value, and Excel does not have a COALESCE formula, we need to resort to a little indirection.

The MATCH formula searches the array returned by the IF (same conditions as above, but simply returns TRUE if it is a match), for the first TRUE value. The 3 parameter, 0, demands an exact match.

This formula simply returns the index of the first - and only - row that is a match for the previous conditions (matching UID and DATE (which was the maximum date that matches the UID)).

{=INDEX(IF(*see above*), MATCH(*see above*))}

Now it is simple enough, to take the index of the matching row from the MATCH, and pull out the corresponding STATUS value from the IF array. This returns a single value, your new STATUS, which is guaranteed (if you've done all these steps correctly) to be from the latest date for each UID.

6 Excel is not a database.

* FOOTNOTE: if you are not familiar with Array formulas (though I think you are), see this: basically you enter the original formula that should result in an array of values (without the squiggly {}), then press `CTRL`+`SHIFT`+`ENTER`. Excel adds the squiggly {} for you, and calculates all the values as an array.

* FOOTNOTE #2: Seriously, **EXCEL IS NOT A DATABASE.** ;-)

`###.###.###.###-#####`

, the STATUS will be free text entry, and the DATE will be formatted as`YYYY/MM/DD`

. – Iszi Aug 22 '13 at 19:43