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So basically I have to design a wifi network for an outdoor concert but there will also be an indoor access point required (catering area). The area to be covered is 4km^2 and I need to avoid dead zones. I have looked at many access points and it doesn't seem to list the range of the device?! Can anyone help with this please?


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a hundred meters is generally the max in good conditions, you'll have to look at multiple access points connected to a wire – ratchet freak Mar 14 '13 at 19:16
Check out Ruckus wireless. No vendor is going to be able to give you a range without knowing the conditions. Is this in a warehouse? out in a yard? office building? – Not Kyle stop stalking me Mar 14 '13 at 19:26
did you mean 4000 sqm or 4km x 4km [ which is what 4km^2 means, but seems an unlikely size to be trying to cover ] – davidgo Mar 14 '13 at 19:29

No single access point with will reliably cover 4000 sqm (let alone 4km^2) without dead zones, they are simply not powerful enough.

The range of an AP device depends on a large number of external factors like walls (and what they are made of) and other obstacles as well as the sensitivity of the antenna, the number of antenna and the protocol (802.11n will far outperform 802.11g) as well as frequency (2.4 gig band goes much further then 5 gig band - especially indoors, but has more noise issues - while few devices support 5 gig band). You also need to bear in mind how heavily it will be used - lots of users will substantially decrease effective range.

You will probably need to deploy multiple AP's on the same ESSID with different non-overlapping channels. You will also want either access points with "guest" functionality or 2 sets of access points for the indoor area.

According to this link 802.11g has a radius of approx 46 meters indoors and 92 meters outdoors. You can probably get twice the radius with MIMO enabled 802.11n devices.

As you are going to need to link multiple devices, you may want to get dual band AP's with directional antennas on the 5 gig band as well as 2.4 gig. (You will need to work out how you are going to connect the AP's together).

From the question you ask, I wonder if you might be better off getting a company which specialises in networking to do this for you - doing this properly certainly requires specialist networking knowledge.

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Range is primarily a factor of the wifi type (a/b/g/n) so check this chart:

be sure to consider the surroundings, line-of-sight, material used in construction, etc, as they can have a huge impact.

you will need to deploy multiple access points to cover that area, and you will have to determine how to hook them all together (wired connection, wifi-bridging) and how to power them. if you are going to use wired, consider PoE so you only have to run one cable to each AP.

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